Whether long-term or short-term, the world has seen tremendous diseases and viruses. The global health care pandemic of COVID-19 was not the first time, the world has seen the ferocity of a disease. Some viruses cause a pandemic, while others cause an epidemic.
The African region is home to several diseases and viruses. People die, suffer, and even are disabled due to the extent of diseases in Africa. 63 percent increase in viruses been spread from animals to people in the previous decade.
The region is fronting a mounting risk of several outbursts including Ebola, monkeypox, other coronaviruses virus, and now Marburg virus.
The world health organizations have analyzed the originations, switch of disease from species to species, and infection in humans.
Statistically, Ebola Virus Ailment and different virus-related haemorrhagic fever institute approximately 70 percent of the eruptions in Africa. However, the other 30 percent stake in anthrax, dengue fever, monkeypox, plague, and various viruses.
Africa is the fastest increasing population in the world. With the increase in population, resources are required to fulfill the demand of people.
However, in Africa, there is a deprivation of food and nutrition for both humans and animals. Furthermore, requisite sources are also minor to fulfill the requirements. This cause the chaos of diseases and viruses.
Infections originating in animals and then jumping to humans have been happening for centuries, but the risk of mass infections and deaths had been relatively limited in Africa. Poor transport infrastructure acted as a natural barrier.
However, with improved transportation in Africa, there is an increased threat of zoonotic pathogens traveling to large urban centers. The actions and measures are required now to contain zoonotic diseases before they can cause widespread infections and stop Africa from becoming a hotspot and infectious diseases examples for emerging infectious diseases list.
The outbreaks are huge hurdles to the total healthcare of humans, animals, and the environment. For the environmental, socioeconomic, and cultural requirements and to boost the emergence of healthcare, control and prevention are a must.
One of the outbreaks of Africa that are augmented again nowadays, is the Marburg virus. The virus was found in the African green monkey at the outset.
At the present, Ghana, one of the African states has its first outbreak of the virus.
Kenya, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Africa, and Zimbabwe are the state that previously had the case.
- Severe headache
- Muscle pains
- Watery diarrhea
- Stomach pain
- Abdominal pain and cramping
Also, the look of patients in the phase is different with deep-set eyes, impassive faces, and severe exhaustion. Being a highly infectious disease, it causes haemorrhagic fever.
Initially, human infections with Marburg virus marks by long contact with mines or caves occupied by Rousettus bat colonies.
After getting infected with the virus, Marburg can spread via human-to-human direct interaction i.e. fragmented skin condition with the blood, excretions, tissues, or Different bodily fluids of infected people.
Also, the objects or surfaces contaminated with the fluids of infected persons are the reason for the spread. The phase of severe illness sees a bigger impact of constant high temperatures, inappropriate central nervous system, and swelling of the testicles.
In lethal cases, death generally happens between the short-term period of eight and nine days after beginning. The severe blood loss and shock take the breathers to death.
Marburg virus is deep-rooted in Ghana currently.
The administration of Ghana declared the first outburst of the Marburg virus in the country
As such, no treatment or inoculation is present for Marburg.
According to World Health Organization,
“WHO is subsidiary a joint national investigative team in Ghana and positioning its professionals in the area with private protective equipment and boosting disease surveillance. It will trace contacts in reaction to the handful of cases.”
For family healthcare, the community is consequently recommended to avoid the major infectious cause of the virus, and show high care with meat products comprehensively before feasting.
Just like COVID-19, clear instructions are given about self-isolation and quarantine. Any contact with the infected person needs to be addressed and pre-cautioned.
When the treatment or vaccine is not verified, the option of control, measures, and care is the savior.
The control actions need to be put in position and different resource deployment are the response to the outbreak in Ghana. Without immediate healthcare digitalization and conclusive action, Marburg can certainly advance the level. For disease control, precautions are a must.
The deadly virus does harm to the extreme extent of death. Hence, the probability of the patient’s continued existence can be enhanced with carefulness comprising oral or intravenous rehydration with the treatment of particular symptoms.
Also, the nations at greater risk of the rebirth of the Marburg virus have been communicated by the World health organization.
They are on high alert. The control is required to save this epidemic turn into a pandemic. The world has already suffered the ferocity of coronavirus and is still entrenched in the most awful consequences.
Health authorities are working to separate close contacts and lessen the spread of the infectious cause of the virus. The responses are swift and good with immediate and decisive action infectious diseases definition.
The Fatality rates resulting from the Marburg disease can reach approximately 90%.
Various blood products, medication, and immune healings are being advanced to assuage the symptoms.
At the individual level, African People must evade eating or handling bush meat and interact with pigs in regions with an outburst.
The infection is grave with an elevated death rate. An understanding of the infectious disease’s definition and infectious diseases list is requisite for the extent of this virus. At this moment in time, the spreading peril of the epidemic to a pandemic is extremely low.
Further testing at the Institute Pasteur in Dakar, Senegal has corroborated the results.
The health authorities are working to decrease the risk of the virus spreading to a greater extent. The world and even the regions cannot afford another curse of the virus. The pandemic and endemics kill people, and animals and cause more harm even in the initial terms.
Healthcare is important to address in such cases of contagious diseases.
Despite the technological advancements and digitalization in the healthcare industry, the virus is far more difficult to tackle in pandemics and epidemics.